• Myrtaceae, The Myrtle Family

    Myrtaceae, The Myrtle Family

    The myrtle family are a dicotoledenous group with members found across the world, with some noteworthy Aussie varieties. Description They are known for shedding bark, which may or may not be peeling off the stems depending on the species and time of year. This can be normal for these plants as long as it is natural and not mechanical (physical) damage. You can prune...
  • Rosaceae, The Rose Family

    Rosaceae, The Rose Family

    The rose family is a family of flowering dicots that are considered to be one of the most important plant families economically speaking. Under its umbrella are examples such as apples, pears, plums, cherries, almonds, strawberries, blackberries, and of course roses. Description Family members vary in size from tiny wildflowers to large fruit trees. They’re often woody with a few herbaceous plants thrown in...
  • Brassicaceae, The Brassica/Mustard Family

    Brassicaceae, The Brassica/Mustard Family

    The brassica family, also known as the mustard or cruciferous family, is an economically important group of dicotyledonous plants that probably makes up a part of your everyday diet. Family members are generally small herbaceous plants but there are some shrubby varieties and even a few vines as well. Description Bisexual, radially symmetrical flowers are often bright yellow, though they’re sometimes light yellow, purple,...
  • Asteraceae, The Aster Family

    Asteraceae, The Aster Family

    The Asteracaea family, also known colloquially as the asters, is a great dicot plant family to learn early on in your plant identification journey because their flowers are very interesting. The family includes genera (plural of genus) such as daisies, sunflowers, thistles and dandelions, which have members everywhere. A disproportionate number of the weeds we fight against are from the aster family. But even though we...
  • The Lomandra Genus

    The Lomandra Genus

    The Lomandra genus is a clade within the asparagus family Asparagaceae filled with Aussie native plants that are commonly called "strappies". A few varieties are widely planted throughout Australia because they are drought-resistant, and pretty difficult to kill. They’re often planted in the wrong spot. They really do look best when they’re allowed to go strappy; if you’ve planted them along a driveway and keep them...
  • Asparagaceae, The Asparagus Family

    Asparagaceae, The Asparagus Family

    The asparagus family Asparagaceae was one of the monocotyledonous families that were split off from the lily family Liliaceae, along with other unrelated plants such as Amaryllis spp. and Agapanthus spp. Description Members of this family can differ quite a lot in appearance so it’s hard to give a single description for all plants; they tend to have tightly bunched nodes, internodes and leaves,...
  • Amaryllidaceae, The Amaryllis Family

    Amaryllidaceae, The Amaryllis Family

    Formerly a member of the lily family Liliaceae, these plants have a lot in common with that family. Description Herbaceous perennial plants are the norm, and they can often allow what’s above the ground to die off each year while their bulb lives on, such as Amarallis spp. Other varieties can have foliage that lives year-round such as Agapanthus spp. They can be very easy to mix up...
  • Liliaceae, The Lily Family

    Liliaceae, The Lily Family

    The lily family used to contain a lot of other monocotyledonous varieties that are now classified as families in their own right, including members of Asparagaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Description Herbacious bulbous (rarely rhizomous) plants having flowers of 6 tepals. They can sometimes look like a grassy shrub, and other times, they can form a longer stem. Bracts may or may not be present on...
  • Poaceae, The Grass Family

    Poaceae, The Grass Family

    Grasses are an easily identified family of wind-pollinated monocots that are especially good at playing the role of ground cover. Some are annual and some are perennial. Some varieties may go dormant or die off during the hotter or colder months of the year, whereas others will hold their soil year-round. Description Grasses come in two types: clumping and running. Clumping grasses stay in...
  • Lamiaceae, The Mint Family

    Lamiaceae, The Mint Family

    The mint family consists of many, if not most of the herbs we use on a regular basis which have mostly originated from the mediterranean where it can be quite hot and dry. They tend to be incredibly easy to cultivate by cutting and seed. Mint, basil, rosemary, oregano, sage, lavender, marjoram and thyme are all members of this superfamily that we call the...
  • Mimosoideae, The Acacia Subfamily

    Mimosoideae, The Acacia Subfamily

    The Mimosoideae subfamily is a clade that includes many native Australian plants as well as some that have originated from overseas. The most noteworthy genus is probably Acacia, or the wattle group of plants. Believe it or not, this subfamily is actually a clade beneath the greater legume family Fabaceae, though on the surface they don’t seem to have much in common with other pea family members other than...
  • Fabaceae, The Legume Family

    Fabaceae, The Legume Family

    The legume family is one of the best families to learn early in your plant identification journey because they’re easy to identify and you’ll notice members everywhere you go. This is one of the largest dicot families around, and while most of the plants have a lot in common, there are branches of the family that don’t conform to all of the patterns discussed...
  • Plant Scientific Names: A Guide To Start Learning

    Plant Scientific Names: A Guide To Start Learning

    Starting the journey of learning plant scientific names can be scary! Words in alien languages such as ancient Latin and Greek hardly come naturally to any of us, so it’s no wonder that we gardeners rarely ever get into learning the "true" names for the plants we see and work with every day. This article isn’t intended to preach to you and tell you...
  • How To Encourage Soil Biodiversity In The Garden & 8 Types Of Soil-Dwelling Organisms

    How To Encourage Soil Biodiversity In The Garden & 8 Types Of Soil-Dwelling Organisms

    If you’d like to encourage a wider variety of organic life in your soil, there are a few key things you’re going to want to provide for them in the soil. Healthy soil-dwelling organisms want access to air, water, organic matter, minerals, enough light (but not too much), the right pH, the right temperature, as well as “companion” organisms (which are other friendly critters,...
  • What Relationships Do Plants Have With Other Organisms?

    What Relationships Do Plants Have With Other Organisms?

    Over the history of the earth, plants have evolved alongside all other organisms that exist on this planet. Each species of plant fills a particular place and role within the web of the whole. This is why thinking about plants as solitary organisms isn’t really the correct way of thinking about them; healthy plants are in symbiosis with a variety of organisms that help...
  • Your Basic Weed Killer Options

    Your Basic Weed Killer Options

    Herbicides are a very polarising topic amongst gardeners: it seems that we either love them unconditionally, or we have built up some sort of nightmarish fantasy There are two types of weed killers: selective herbicides, which target certain types of plants, and non-selective herbicides that kill plants indiscriminately. This doesn’t mean that selective pesticides kill only weeds and leave plants that you want to...
  • How To Repot Plants Without Killing Them

    How To Repot Plants Without Killing Them

    Transplanting potted plants from on pot to another can be a bit stressful, especially if no one’s ever taught us how. The process is actually pretty easy and this article intends to teach you everything you need to know about the signs to look for when your plant requires upsizing, and the best practices for transplanting from one pot to another. Succulents are great...
  • Watering Indoor & Potted Plants

    Watering Indoor & Potted Plants

    If you take into account over-watering and under-watering, moisture problems are by far the biggest killer of indoor plants worldwide. This is one topic that you can’t afford to overlook if you have potted plants in your house, and this article will give you what you need to tackle this crucial part of indoor plant care. Water is the essence of life on earth;...
  • Introduction To Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

    Introduction To Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

    Integrated Pest Management (or IPM) is a holistic method of controlling pests with minimal negative impacts upon the ecosystem. This method of pest management promotes the understanding of natural forces (such as soil health and beneficial organisms), and the knowledge on how to harness them for the best long-term results, without totally ignoring the use of chemicals. This article is aimed at teaching you...
  • Organic vs Artificial Fertilisers & The Best Options To Keep Your Plants Satisfied

    Organic vs Artificial Fertilisers & The Best Options To Keep Your Plants Satisfied

    It can be difficult to know what to feed our plants, and walking through the fertiliser aisle in the local nursery can be a little bit overwhelming due to the sheer number of options that are available. By the end of this article, you’ll know why you should favour organic fertilisers over inorganic fertilisers, your organic fertiliser options, and how to apply them. Using...
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